But how many have given any thought to the fact that they never actually set foot there? The two people shown on the moon being Russians, Joint U.S.-Soviet Moon Landing. Within a year of his Rice University statement, “We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard,” in 1962, Kennedy came to have second thoughts on the Apollo program as costs rose, budgets exploded and the scientific value of a moon mission came under question. In a speech to the U.N. General Assembly in September 1963, Kennedy actually made a bold statement that is seldom repeated: he suggested that the U.S. and Soviet Union could work together to reach the moon. The US led the way, with Russia doing the actual landing, but not coming back. NASA & the US took full credit for the first manned lunar landing. At the height of the Cold War, both countries came together in space. Under the full glare of the media spotlights with the Apollo Soyuz Test Program(ASTP) in July of 1975 Consider this, the U.S.government wanted to distract the public’s attention away from the deeply unpopular Vietnam war. Coincidentally (perhaps) lunar activities subsequently stopped, with planned missions cancelled, around the same time that the U.S. ceased its involvement in Vietnam. No further manned missions, after 1975, the year the US pulled out of Vietnam. At the time the US were at war in Vietnam. April 1969 Number of U.S. troops dead outstrips the 33,629 killed in the Korean War. Apollo 10 (Dress rehersal for Apollo 11), May 18–26, 1969 June 1969 Nixon announces the replacement of 25,000 U.S. troops with ARVN soldiers Apollo 11, July 16–24, 1969 October 1969 Hundreds of thousands of Americans take part in National Moratorium antiwar demonstrations across the country November 1969 Americans learn of My Lai Massacre, resulting in major antiwar demonstrations Apollo 12, November 14–24, 1969 April 1970 U.S. and ARVN troops invade Cambodia to fight NVA-backed Khmer Rouge guerillas, college antiwar demonstrations intensify Apollo 13(The one that went wrong), April 11–17, 1970 Capricorn One is often quoted as being NASA's admission that they didn't get men(no women) to the moon & return them to earth. However view it a different way. They, NASA, got men to the moon & back on more than one occassion. But the story behind Capricorn One then changes to one of: We did do what we said we did, land men on the moon & return them safely to earth. But if we hadn't done it, this is how we would have done it(Capricorn One story). 2001: A space Odyssey. The fact that those making the film, at NASA East, were actually receiving help from NASA at the time to make certain that what they were portraying as space travel conditions, Zero-G and importantly what it, gravity, would be like on the moon were correct. And how that gravity would effect movement. All before they had "landed on the moon" makes it seem a wee bit odd. It wasn't the only British help they had either, look familar, if not a little bit larger than what was claimed to have been used? Shepperton Studios, where 2001 was filmed received regular visits from NASA & had the nickname NASA East. You had NASA, advising NASA East, using information they had been given by the British Interplanetary Society. Which devolped the idea of both landing on & taking of from the surface of the moon, in August 1947! An idea that was copied almost entirely by NASA in the 60's. A member of the BIS was present at Mission Control, informing NASA at every "US landing"! Apollo 13, the movie by Ron Howard, managed to film in a maunfactured zero-G enviroment. Using some of the techniques used were the same as those used at NASA East(2001: A Space Odyssey, released in 68) and also by NASA themselves in the 60's. US Airforce also used some of the same technology. The ASTP was the super powers "admission" that they'd worked together on the moon landings. NASA just happened to have devolped the docking module that allowed the project to happen, about 8 years earlier. The ASTP was the final flight of an Apollo spacecraft. Immediately after the launch of the Apollo spacecraft, preparations began to convert Launch Pad 39B and the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center for use by the Space Shuttle, the United States' next manned spacecraft program. It also marked the end of US manned spaceflight until the Space Shuttle flights. Why send two rockets up. The third stage could easily have held a seperate payload(crew/airlock adaptor) that then travelled onto the moon.